Journal of Chinese Linguistics vol.4 (1976) 中国语言学报 4 卷 (1976)
Volume 4, No 1
Aichen Ting Ho
This paper investigates the influence of sentence intonation and grammatical structure on the four Mandarin tones. Five speakers recorded a reading text which allowed test words to occur in six sentence environments. It is found that sentence intonation and grammatical function definitely have some influence on tone contours, although the four tones maintain their basic shapes. Therefore, in order to provide low level phonetic rules for the realization of the tone contours for producing correct (normal) sounding speech, grammatical information is definitely needed.
Many Linguists have long noticed a general tendency in Modern Chinese to form disyllabic and polysyllabic words. The issue has appeared to most people a dead horse that does not deserve any more flogging. In the present paper, a 16,000-character corpus of Modern Chinese verbs is prepared by random sampling from a population of thirteen novels written between 1903 and 1934 to study this particular trend. Apart from the mundane statistics of relative frequencies, a method of quantifying linguistic drift is proposed.
This paper defines the field of Sino-Islamic linguistics–the study of the Arabic and Persian norms of the Chinese-speaking Muslims. Eight topics in Sino-Islamic linguistics are discussed here: (1) diffusion of Arabic and Persian to China; (2) differential impact of Arabic and Persian on Chinese and Uigur; (3) Chinese-Eastern Turkic linguistic contacts; (4) norms of Chinese Arabic and Persian; (5) dialectology of Chinese Arabic and Persian; (6) functional variations of Chinese Arabic and Persian; (7) transcription of Arabic and Persian in Chinese characters; (8) benefits for Chinese linguistics.
This paper presents an exhaustive analysis of the rhyming employed by the late Jin poet Tao Qian (b. 365). A summary of his rhymes and finals and a reconstruction conforming to this is included. The phonological evolution of two rhymes is traced from the Jin into the (Liu) Song and compared with the rhyming of Yan Yanzhi (b. 384). The question of whether Tao Qian’s imitation of the ancients included the use of archaic rhymes is answered negatively, and a few cases in which rhyming helps choose between variant characters are discussed.
Volume 4, No 2
This paper is an attempt to sketch a succinct, integrated, and self-contained history of phonology from Middle Chinese to modern Peking. The essential facts are presented and analyzed, new interpretations are offered on a number of points, but purely theoretical discussions are kept to a minimum. The article is divided into the following main sections:
0. Prefatory remarks
II. Phonotactic conditions
III. Tonal developments
IV. Initial changes
V. Medial changes
VI. The great vowel shift
VII. The weakening of consonantal endings
VIII. Summary of rules and conditions
IX. Relative chronology
X. Concluding remarks
Appendix A. Tone correspondences
Appendix B. Initial correspondences
Appendix C. Final correspondences
Ching-hsiang Chen 陈静香; Chin-chuan Cheng 郑锦全
This report summarizes the two-pronged Chinese Plato project conducted at the University of Illinois in the last few years that resulted in the creation of a file of three thousand Chinese characters and a set of Chinese Plato lessons which is currently being used by first year Chinese students. The article begins with an introduction of the Plato system, a computer-based instructional medium developed at the University. The design of Chinese characters on Plato is then discussed in connection with how the information of a character’s composition, including its line composition and stroke order, is stored in the computer and how the problem of naming homophonous character is solved. The second part of the report concerns the pedagogical use of Plato in teaching Chinese. The organization of the set of Chinese Plato lessons is explained and the contents of these lessons discussed. The discussion is centered on these aspects: the nature of the lessons as supplementary, the rationale of the textbook used, the teaching of pronunciation, characters, grammar, and the design of exercises to maximize interaction between the student and the computer. The teaching of pronunciation is facilitated by an audio device attached to the student terminal. A lesson generally consists of sections for vocabulary, grammar, and exercises. The vocabulary section helps the student recognize characters and learn how to write them in correct stroke order. Detailed examples of how certain grammatical aspects have been presented are also given here. The report ends with a brief self-evaluation and a projection of future development.